W.O. II , Arthur Cleland HUTTON, , 2/26th Battalion ,A.I.F.

Male 1902 - 1945  (42 years)


Personal Information

  • Name Arthur Cleland HUTTON 
    Prefix W.O. II , 
    Suffix , 2/26th Battalion ,A.I.F. 
    Born 2 Oct 1902  Rockhampton, Queensland, Australia Find all individuals with events at this location 
    Gender Male 
    Died 30 Mar 1945  Sandakan P.O.W Camp No1, Borneo Find all individuals with events at this location 
    Buried Cemetery No2 Sandakan, Borneo Find all individuals with events at this location 
    Notes 
    • A Member of B Force,Arthur Cleland Hutton's name is located at panel 53 in the Commemorative Area at the Australian War Memorial

      The Japanese conquered British and Dutch Borneo early in 1942, and the 2/20th surrendered on 15th Feb 1942, and all the men who survived were incarerated in Changi POW Camp. Initially imprisoned in the sprawling Changi prisoner of war camp, it was not long before members of the 2/20th were allocated to external work parties. The first parties were dispatched around Singapore and southern Malaya, but members of the 2/20th later found themselves members of parties bound for the camps along the Burma-Thailand Railway and in Borneo, Japan, French Indochina, Java, Sumatra, and Malaya. These men endured the worst horrors of Japanese captivity and many died. The surviving prisoners were liberated in late-August 1945 and began returning to Australia almost immediately. The 2/20th Battalion was formally disbanded later that year.

      B Force (1,496-strong) included 145 officers and medical staff. Commanded by Lieutenant Colonel A. W. Walsh of the 2/10th Field Regiment, it left Singapore in the Ubi Maru on 8 July 1942 and after a nine-day journey in poor conditions disembarked at Sandakan .

      E Force embarked on the steamer de Klerk on 29 March 1943 . It contained 500 British prisoners, who disembarked at Kuching, and 500 Australian prisoners , who were sent to Berhala Island (North Borneo) In early June 1943, E Force was moved to Sandakan . Prisoners in B and E Forces included troops from the 2/18th, 2/19th, 2/20th, 2/26th, 2/29th, 2/30th Battalions, 2/4th Machine Gun Battalion, and the 2/10th Field Ambulance. There were four main camps in Borneo : Sandakan , Kuching, Labuan and Jesselton.

      Of these, Sandakan contained the majority of Australians. Captain Hoshijima Susumi commanded Sandakan Camp. In January 1945 the first forced march to Ranau occurred, and the second in May 1945. Of the 2,500 Australian and British prisoners of war, only six Australians survived these "death marches".
    Person ID I4195  Kirkpatrick Family Archives
    Last Modified 27 May 2013 

    Father James Cleland HUTTON,   b. 1860, Falconer, Via Guyra, NSW.Australia Find all individuals with events at this location,   d. 31 Jan 1922, Queensland, Australia Find all individuals with events at this location  (Age 62 years) 
    Mother Fannie BROOKES,   b. 1871, Queensland, Australia Find all individuals with events at this location,   d. 12 Aug 1925, Rockhampton, Queensland, Australia Find all individuals with events at this location  (Age 54 years) 
    Married 13 Dec 1901  "Hawthorne", South Brisbane, Queensland, Australia Find all individuals with events at this location 
    • Ref:Morning Bulletin (Rockhampton, Qld. : 1878 - 1954) Wednesday 8 January 1902 p 1 Family Notices.
    Family ID F1321  Group Sheet  |  Family Chart

    Family Beryl Rebecca DONNAN,   b. 19 Jun 1905, Queensland, Australia Find all individuals with events at this location,   d. Yes, date unknown 
    Married 4 Jul 1927  Queensland, Australia Find all individuals with events at this location 
    • Ref:Qld BDM 1927/C2237
    Last Modified 27 May 2013 
    Family ID F1322  Group Sheet  |  Family Chart




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